The most famous artist of Livornese origins is undoubtedly Amedeo Modigliani. He was born into a Jewish family in Livorno in 1884 and gained his early artistic training within the Macchiaioli group, later studying art in Florence and Venice, before moving to Paris in 1906.
Modigliani spent most of his short life in Paris, where he died in 1920.
He was both an artist and a sculptor and was influenced by Cézanne, Picasso, and by African sculpture, but essentially by his Italian heritage. He was probably the greatest Italian artist of the 20th century.
His work only began to be noticed by the critics after he died, in particular following an exhibition of his paintings at the Venice Biennale in 1930.
Nowadays his paintings can be seen in various parts of the world, from Italy to Switzerland, France, Britain, and the USA but sadly not in Livorno itself. However, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the artist's death, a major exhibition dedicated to Modigliani and other artists working in Paris in the early 20th century, will be held at the Museo della Città (7th November 2019-16th February 2020).
The house where Modigliani was born is at Via Roma 38, close to Piazza Attias, in Livorno's city centre and is open to the public (see the official website). A plaque on the wall commemorates the event. Modigliani died in Paris in 1920 and is buried at the Père Lachaise cemetery.