In the heart of the old Venezia quarter of Livorno, the square which provides the setting for this early-18th century church - Piazza Luogo Pio - takes its name from the charitable institutions for abandoned children that used to stand here. The church was originally known as the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin and Saint Joseph.
Designed by Giovanni del Fantasia, who was also buried here, the church was partly damaged during the Second World War and has recently been restored, although it is no longer used as a place of worship. It is occasionally used as a setting for exhibitions, especially during the Effetto Venezia festival in the summer.
It is currently (2014) being remodelled to be encompassed in the planned 'museum of Livorno'.