A deep artistic vein runs through the Livornese identity, and a stroll along the seafront or around the canals of the Venezia district will invariably lead you to run across any number of local artists with their easels and paints. The painting tradition in Livorno dates back to the 19th century and in particular to a man called Giovanni Fattori (1825-1908), a leading member of the Macchiaioli movement. Works by Fattori and other artists belonging to the movement can be seen in the Museo Civico G. Fattori in Livorno's Villa Mimbelli, which stands in the park of the same name.
Another group of artists known as the Gruppo Labronico grew up in the early 20th century. They followed in the footsteps of the Macchiaioli and are still in existence today, playing a large role in the organisation of Livorno’s prominent modern art award and exhibition, the Premio Rotonda, which takes place every year in August.