Piazza Cavour lies along a line that practically divides Livorno in two because of its bizzare one way system and areas closed to traffic. To try to keep the traffic to where it's supposed to be, there is a network of annoying chains across the square which make it difficult for pedestrians to cross the road!
The buildings around Piazza Cavour were all built towards the middle of the 1800s when Livorno was expanded under Pietro Leopoldo II to designs by architect Luigi Bettarini.
In the centre of the square is the statue of Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour (1810-1861), after whom the Piazza is named. He was an important Italian statesman and a leading figure in the movement towards the Unification of Italy which finally came about in 1861.
The Fosso Reale (royal canal) passes under the square, and there are sweeping views along the canal and the Scali D'Azeglio whose magnificent palazzi are particularly stunning in the late afternoon sunshine.
In the other direction the canal snakes towards Piazza della Repubblica, dominated on the left by the Central Market and on the right by the Benci primary school. From here you can also see what is left of the 19th-century Dutch German Church, known as the Chiesa Olandese, a remnant of the Dutch community that played an important role in the history of Livorno. Its lovely facade was made safe in 2016 and funds are currently being sought to restore the interior.
In Piazza Cavour itself there are a couple of cafés where you can sit and watch the busy city bustle. There are also banks, pharmacies, two news kiosks, and a small assortment of shops.
Transport: Buses: LAM ROSSA, no 3, 4